Physiotherapy involves the treatment of injury, disease and malformation through manual processes such as massage, therapeutic ultrasound, low level laser, therapeutic exercise and other modalities as opposed to or in conjunction with surgery or drug treatments.
The goals of physiotherapy are to
- improve mobility & strength
- restore function
- relieve pain
Treatments aim to relieve muscle tension, spasm and address soft tissue injury, compensation and skeletal defects. The body responds to these treatments by increasing blood flow and oxygen to areas of concern; which encourages a positive healing environment to develop within the body. Once a positive healing environment is formed within the body the patient is more likely to mobilise in a more normal manner, which reduces stress and compensation across the body, relieves pain and discomfort and puts them on a track to restoring as much normal function as possible.
Some conditions will resolve completely, whilst others like arthritis, degenerative joint disease and some neurological conditions, will gradually cause the patient to loose normal mobility and function. In these cases physiotherapy plays a strong role in slowing the progression of the condition and providing an improved quality of life through increased strength, mobility and reduced pain and discomfort.
Physiotherapy treats the patient as a whole and does not just focus on the injured or affected area of the body, it takes into account the additional stresses placed across the entire body and how the muscles and joints respond to these stresses.